The European anthem
is taken from the Ninth Symphony composed in 1823 by Ludwig van Beethoven based on a poem by Friedrich von Schiller, the Ode to Joy, written in 1785.
This melody, the Union's official anthem since 1985, calls to mind, through the universal language of music, the ideals of freedom, peace, solidarity embodied by Europe.
The Ode to joy
doesn't replace the Member states' own national anthems; it celebrates their common values and illustrates the European motto "united in diversity".