Health measures and travel conditions across Europe

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Health measures and travel conditions across Europe

Measures taken at European level 


Borders. The European Covid certificate came into force on 1 July. People who have been vaccinated, tested negative or recovered from the disease can travel within the EU without restriction, but measures can be introduced if necessary and proportionate. On 21 December, the Commission reduced the period of validity of the vaccine certificate from 12 to 9 months in case of lack of booster.  Since 22 February, antigenic tests are recognised for the establishment of recovery certificates. Since 1 February, a Council recommendation on free movement allows restrictions to be applied on the basis of the health status of travellers rather than the situation in the region from which they come. The recommendation also strengthens the "emergency brake" procedure to deal with the emergence of new variants of concern or variants to be monitored. A list of third countries for which restrictions can be lifted is regularly updated, and a recommendation applicable from 1 March aligns the conditions for entry into the EU with those for free movement, depending on the health status of travellers. The Re-open EU application lists all measures in place for travel between Member States.


The latest actions. Since 16 May, on the recommendation of the European Aviation Safety Agency, wearing a mask is no longer compulsory on aircraft in the EU. 81.4% of the EU population has been fully vaccinated. The Commission has secured up to 4.2 billion doses through agreements with 8 laboratories. The EU has also established a list of 10 promising treatments, which can benefit from regulatory flexibility, scientific support from the EMA, and possible group purchases by the EU.


Map of measures takes at national level

Last update: 18th July 2022

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