The most recent measures. On 17 March, the Commission published a series of guidelines for Member States to act in a coordinated and balanced way in phasing out the restrictions. It calls on Member States to cooperate in monitoring wastewater and analysing the results, to exchange epidemiological data and to coordinate to help the tourism and cultural sectors. On 25 February, European heads of state and government declared that "strict restrictions must be maintained while efforts to speed up the supply of vaccines must be stepped up". The vaccination campaign started across the EU at the end of December. To date, the commission has concluded agreements with 6 laboratories and pre-agreements with 2 others for the distribution of around 2.3 billion doses of vaccine in all EU countries, once marketing approval has been granted by the European Medicines Agency. On 19 January, the Commission asked Member States to vaccinate at least 70% of the adult population by the summer. Member States agreed on the interoperability of vaccination certificates and on 18 February they agreed on a list of 19 rapid antigenic tests, some of which will be mutually recognised. On 17 February, the Commission launched HERA, a plan to develop virus sequencing and variant testing capabilities and speed up vaccine production. On 2 December, the Commission called on Member States to increase testing capacity, limit social contacts, promote teleworking and put in place national plans to ensure continuity of activities in health institutions over the festive season. On 29 October, the European Council agreed on greater coordination of quarantine rules and better interoperability of tracing applications. Since 14 September, the EU has set up an interoperability service for tracing applications, involving 19 of the 21 countries that have developed an application.
The borders. On 17 March, the Commission presented a digital green certificate for people travelling in the Schengen area, which will indicate whether they have been vaccinated, tested or cured. The Heads of State and Government reiterated on 25 February that "for the time being, non-essential travel must be limited". Council recommendations adopted on 1 February call on Member States to restrict all non-essential travel into the red and dark red zones, and to impose quarantine and negative testing for travellers coming from a dark red zone. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) regularly updates a map of the areas where the virus is present, classified into 3 categories (green, orange and red) according to the following criteria: the number of positive tests over the last 14 days, the number of tests over 7 days, the rate of positivity over 7 days. The Council called for the lifting of all travel restrictions within the Union and for the coordination of travel criteria according to the different zones. On 2 December, the ECDC and the Aviation Safety Agency published guidelines recommending that States inform air passengers about the health situation in their destination States and that they do not impose automatic quarantines. The 28 January, the Council updated the list of third countries for which restrictions can be lifted. The list is not legally binding, but the Commission is encouraging Member States to respect it and coordinate their actions.
Last update: 26 April 2021