Gender equality lies at the heart of the Union treaties. Despite the progress made at European level, some Member States are still lagging behind. The renewal of the institutions that will follow the European elections of May 2019 will be both an opportunity and a risk. On the eve of this renewal, political choices will be decisive to ensure that gender equality is not left by the wayside or that it is become a conveniently forgotten promise. The courage of Europe's leaders will be put to the text. To enable Europe to be an unrivalled world champion in this area is also a vital goal. It services no purpose to advocate Human Rights if the first of these, women's rights, is not guaranteed.