In an editorial published on his internet site Jean-Dominique Giuliani, Chairman of the Foundation, reviews the results of the Greek general elections. He recalls the origin of the Greek crisis, the financing received thanks to European solidarity and the demands to which the new Greek government will have now have to respond.
In the end outgoing Prime Minister Antonis Samaras lost the second part of his wager. After having failed to bring about the election of a president of the Republic by parliament and of having been obliged to convene a snap election, he did not succeed in retaining the confidence of the Greeks and was beaten on 25th January by the Radical Left Coalition (SYRIZA) led by Alexis Tsipras which was just two seats short of an absolute majority. SYRIZA won 36.34% of the vote and doubled the number of seats it holds in comparison with the last general election on 17th June 2012 (149, + 78).
The head of government's party, New Democracy (ND) led by Theodore Fortsakis, rector of the University of Athens won 27.81% of the vote and 76 seats (- 53).
The President of the Italian Republic resigned on 14th January. This had been expected since Giorgio Napolitano had announced his decision to leave his position as head of State before the end of 2014 to the daily La Reppublica on 8th November, which he confirmed in a speech on 18th December. When he was re-elected on 23rd April 2013 Mr Napolitano warned that he would not complete his second mandate which was due to end in 2020. Finally he chose to resign on the day that Latvia took over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union from Italy.
Following the terrible attacks committed in Paris, the Foundation has published a text on "The European Union and Terrorism" by Alain Chouet, former head of the DGSE - the French Information and Security Department. In his opinion the terrorist threat in Europe requires true multilateral cooperation between the 28 Union Members for the identification, surveillance, monitoring and if necessary, the neutralisation, of dangerous people and circles. "If Europe enters the fray divided, or worse, if it refuses to engage, it will find only dishonour and destruction." This text is from the upcoming edition of the "Schuman Report on Europe, State of the Union", (to be published in March).
Former European Integration (2003-2005) and Foreign Affairs Minister, Deputy to NATO's Secretary General responsible for public information, Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic (Croatian Democratic Union, HDZ), won the second round of the presidential election on 11th January in Croatia. She won 50.74% of the vote and beat outgoing President Ivo Josipovic (Social Democratic Party, SDP), who was running favourite before the first round - he won 49.26% of the vote. A gap of 32,435 votes lay between the two candidates.
The Chairman of the Robert Schuman Foundation, Jean-Dominique Giuliani is the author of "Pourquoi et comment l'Europe restera le coeur du monde - Petit traité d'optimisme". This book published by Lignes de Repères available in paper and in digital format (e-books and tablets), was awarded the Emile Girardeau Prize from the Academy of Moral Science and Politics on 17th November.