The Letter n°990

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The Letter n°990
The Letter
Tuesday 13th September 2022
issue 990
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The Foundation wishes you all the best for the new season. From next week, in the context of the Russian war and European support for Ukraine, our weekly newsletter will also be available in Ukrainian.
"In Russia today the whole media sphere has been destroyed."
Author : Katerina Abramova
Katerina Abramova
Since the start of its war in Ukraine, the Russian government has stepped up its repression of independent media. Even though the Russians are becoming increasingly disillusioned with propaganda, it is very difficult to make another voice heard," says Katerina Abramova of the exiled media outlet Meduza.
Read more
Front page! : A new United Kingdom?
The death of Queen Elizabeth II symbolically closes the page of post-war Britain. As King Charles III succeeds her and Prime Minister Liz Truss takes office, a new era begins for the country, writes Jean-Dominique Giuliani... Read more

Elections : Krisjanis Karins is expected to be re-elected in Latvia on 1 October
The coalition that has been in place since October 2018 is the favourite in the elections that are being held on 1 October. The only question is whether the Conservatives or the Progressives will join the three parties that currently make up the coalition. The voting pattern of the Russian-speaking electorate could be decisive... Read more
Breakthrough by the Sweden Democrats who have now become the country's second biggest party
The gap between the left and the right in the Swedish parliamentary elections on 11 September is so small that the Electoral Commission has indicated that the results will not be known until 14 September. According to partial results, the right-wing forces, which include the Sweden Democrats (SD), the Moderate Party (M), the Christian Democrats (KD) and the Liberals (L), together won 49.63% of the vote and 175 seats. The left-wing forces, which include outgoing Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson's Social Democratic Party (SAP), the Left Party (V), the Green Environment Party (MP) and the Centre Party (C), would win 48.88% of the vote and 174 seats... Read more
Right-wing parties favourites in the elections on 25 September in Italy
The right-wing coalition of Forza Italia, the League and Fratelli d'Italia is expected to win the early parliamentary elections on 25 September. After the fall of Mario Draghi's government in July, the left and centre forces failed to unite. Giorgia Meloni, the leader of the far-right Fratelli d'Italia party, could become Council President... Read more

Foundation : The Schuman Report on Europe, State of the Union 2022
This autumn the 2022 edition of the "Schuman Report on Europe, the State of the Union" is still available from Marie B. Editions. With contributions from European Commissioners and MEPs and the best experts, original maps and commented statistics, the Schuman Report analyses the challenges facing Europe and offers a complete view of the European Union. It is available in paper format on our website and in bookshops in French, as well as in digital version in French and English. Order it now... Read more
The Permanent Atlas of the European Union is available
For a better understanding of Europe in 2022, the Permanent Atlas of the European Union is a unique book that provides a comprehensive and easily accessible view of the European Union, the eurozone and each of its 27 Member States. It is available in paper format on our website and in bookshops in French, as well as in digital format in French and English. Order your copy now!.. Read more
European Recovery Plans: figures and priorities
The Commission approved on 8 September the Dutch recovery plan under the EU's NextGenerationEU programme to tackle the consequences of the Covid-19 crisis. The €672.5 billion recovery fund, known as the Recovery and Resilience Facility, provides grants and loans to Member States. The plans of 26 countries have been approved, and 10 countries have received payments, including Spain and Slovakia at the end of July. The Foundation provides an interactive map of the plans country by country, showing amounts, timetables and priorities... Read more
Energy Crisis: European Measures
In response to rising energy prices, Member States and the European Union have taken measures and developed plans to reduce consumption. The Foundation offers you a table to understand the situation. It will be regularly completed and updated... Read more

Ukraine/Russia : EU-Ukraine Association Council
At the 8th EU-Ukraine Association Council, held in Brussels on 5 September, the EU announced a €500 million grant for education and housing for Ukrainian returnees and reaffirmed its support for the country in the war against Russia. Ukraine has signed agreements to join the Digital Europe programme and become part of the common secure customs network... Read more
IAEA calls for protection of Zaporizhia plant
Following a visit to the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) called on 6 September for the establishment of a protection zone at the site, where it noted the presence of Russian military vehicles and equipment... Read more
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The cost of rebuilding Ukraine is estimated at 349 billion €
The Commission, the World Bank and the Ukrainian government have estimated the cost of rebuilding Ukraine at €349 billion. This estimate, published on 9 September, takes into account the impact of the Russian invasion between 24 February and 1 June, and will be revised upwards as the war continues... Read more
Further aid of 5 billion € for Ukraine
On 7 September the Commission proposed to release an additional €5 billion in aid to Ukraine. This is part of a €9 billion package, of which €1 billion was already paid out in August. The main purpose of the aid is to alleviate Ukraine's lack of liquidity as a result of the war. The Council gave its approval on 9 September... Read more
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Capping of Russian oil prices by the G7
G7 Finance Ministers agreed on 2 September to put an "urgent" price cap on Russian crude oil and oil products. The price will be determined by the countries implementing the measure, in connection with EU sanctions that include an embargo on Russian oil by the end of the year... Read more
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Preparation of a training mission of the Ukrainian army
The Defence Ministers, meeting in Prague on 29 and 30 August, discussed developments in the war in Ukraine and agreed to prepare for the establishment of a training mission for the Ukrainian army. They also discussed the strengthening of the European defence industry and capabilities. They also took stock of the situation in Africa, in particular Mali, and in the Western Balkans... Read more
Suspension of visa facilities for Russians
On 9 September, the Council suspended the visa facilitation agreement between the EU and Russia. The measure was decided by Foreign Ministers on 31 August. On 8 September, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland announced their intention to impose restrictions on Russians entering the Schengen area. The measure is due to come into force on 19 September... Read more
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Commission : Assessment of the implement of the environmental policy
On 8 September, the Commission published its 3rd Environment Policy Implementation Review, which summarises the reports from the 27 Member States on the progress of EU environmental legislation. The Commission calls on Member States to ensure that more funding is available to cover the estimated €110 billion a year investment requirement in this area... Read more
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Parliament : Commitment to the reform of the migration and asylum policy
Representatives of the Parliament and of the Member States holding the Council Presidency between 2022 and 2024 have committed to working to conclude the legislative processes on migration and asylum policy reform before the European elections in 2024. The roadmap between the two institutions foresees that negotiations between them should start by the end of 2022 at the latest... Read more
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Council : Meeting of Energy Ministers
On 9 September, the Energy Ministers discussed measures to limit the increase in energy prices. They asked the Commission to develop a cap on gas prices and the revenues of low-cost electricity companies. On 7 September, Commission President Ursula Von der Leyen proposed a cap on the price of Russian gas, a solidarity contribution for fossil fuel companies and an obligation for Member States to reduce electricity consumption at peak times. The ministers also took stock of national plans to prepare for the winter... Read more
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Eurogroup Meeting
On 9 September, eurozone finance ministers discussed the impact of inflation on fiscal policy. Together with their colleagues from other Member States, they took stock of the development of a digital euro, as well as digital currencies outside the euro area... Read more
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Meeting of Cohesion Ministers
On 2 September, the ministers responsible for cohesion discussed the possibilities, benefits and future of cohesion policy, particularly in terms of promoting transition, resilience and local democracy... Read more
Meeting of Finance Ministers
Meeting on 9 and 10 September, the finance ministers discussed the consequences of the war on European economies and the impact of energy prices on national budgets. They approved the release of €5 billion in aid for Ukraine. They also discussed budgetary rules and the sustainability of public finances, as well as harmonisation of company taxation. On this issue, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the Netherlands proposed to introduce minimum taxation of companies at national level, to overcome Hungary's veto... Read more
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Meeting of Health Ministers
On 6 and 7 September, the health ministers discussed European aid to the Ukrainian health system, vaccination and the fight against cancer. They also held a meeting of the HERA committee, the European Health Emergency Response and Preparedness Authority, with laboratories producing vaccines against Covid-19 and monkeypox... Read more

Diplomacy : Extension of the EUCAP Sahel Niger mission
On 9 September, the Council extended the mandate of the EU civilian mission EUCAP Sahel Niger until 30 September 2024, with a budget of just over €72 million. It amended the mission's mandate to allow for the exchange of classified information between the mission and the EU's justice and security agencies... Read more
EU-Georgia Association Council
The 7th meeting of the EU-Georgia Association Council took place on 6 September. The new 2021-2027 programme sets out common objectives, such as the pursuit of a free trade area (DCFTA) and Georgia's gradual economic integration into the single market. The EU welcomed Georgia's reforms, while underlining the remaining shortcomings regarding democracy, the rule of law, the independence of the judiciary and human rights... Read more
Journeys by Charles Michel to Algeria and Qatar
The President of the European Council, Charles Michel, visited Algeria on 5 September to discuss with the Algerian President, Abdelmadjid Tebboune, the future of the Association Agreement and security and geopolitical issues. In Doha, he inaugurated the new EU delegation and discussed with the Emir of Qatar the issue of visa-free entry into the EU. Energy issues were discussed during both trips... Read more
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ECB : Further increase in key rates
The Governing Council of the European Central Bank decided on 8 September to raise its three key interest rates by 75 basis points, after a first increase in July. It says it will continue to raise rates in the coming months to reduce inflation risks. ECB President Christine Lagarde has warned of the risk of recession if Russian gas supplies are cut off completely... Read more

European Agencies : Greenlight for new vaccines against COVID-19
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) recommended on 1 September the use of two vaccines with the Omicron variant of Covid-19. These vaccines, produced by Pfizer and Moderna, are intended for people over 12 years of age who have already been vaccinated, with the aim of strengthening their immunity. The Commission now has to authorise them under an accelerated procedure... Read more
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Launch of a Eutelsat satellite by Ariane
The Ariane 5 rocket lifted off on 7 September from the Guiana space centre in Kourou to orbit the Eutelsat Konnect VHTS satellite, designed to provide broadband Internet access throughout Europe... Read more
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Germany : Meeting with Charles Michel
Chancellor Olaf Scholz received the President of the European Council Charles Michel on 9 September. They discussed the war in Ukraine and the EU's support for the country, energy policy and the future of the EU... Read more
Speech by Olaf Scholz on the future of the European Union
In a speech at Charles University in Prague on 29 August, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz outlined his vision for the future of the European Union. In particular, he declared himself in favour of a Union of "30 or 36 members", and an end to the right of veto. He also called for long-term "economic, financial, political, humanitarian and military " support for Ukraine... Read more
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France : Emmanuel Macron's speech to Ambassadors
In a speech to the Ambassadors' Conference on 1 September, French President Emmanuel Macron highlighted the destabilisation of the international order caused by the Russian war in Ukraine and the rise of China. He defended the strategic autonomy of France and the European Union, and called for a European defence within NATO. He also called on diplomats to work for the influence and attractiveness of France... Read more

UK : Liz Truss, new Prime Minister, has formed her government
British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss was elected on 5 September as the new leader of the Conservative Party to replace Boris Johnson, with 57.4% of party members' votes, against former Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak. She was appointed by Queen Elizabeth II on 6 September to form a new government. She becomes the third woman to lead a British government... Read more
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Death of Queen Elizabeth II and succession of Charles III
Queen Elizabeth II died on 8 September at the age of 96. She is succeeded by her eldest son, Charles III, as Head of State of the United Kingdom and Head of the Commonwealth.. Read more
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Council of Europe : Dialogue with the Belarus opposition
On 7 September, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe decided to set up a Contact Group with the Belarusian opponent Svetlana Tikhanovskaya and other representatives of democratic opposition forces with a view to establishing a regular dialogue... Read more
Three candidates shortlisted for the Vaclav Havel Prize 2022
The finalists for the Václav Havel Prize were announced on 6 September. Vladimir Kara-Murza, a Russian opposition figure arrested in April 2022; the Rainbow Coalition, a group of human rights and LGBTQIA+ organisations; and the Ukraine 5 AM Coalition, a group of Ukrainian human rights organisations. The winner will be announced on 10 October... Read more

OECD : Employment Prospects
In its annual Employment Outlook published on 9 September, the OECD notes that 66 million jobs have been created in its member countries since the start of the post-Covid-19 recovery, more than the number of jobs lost due to the pandemic. But it is concerned about the uncertainty caused by the war in Ukraine and its consequences, particularly the rising cost of living. It calls for stronger collective bargaining and higher minimum wages... Read more

IMF : Call to reform the euro zone rules
In a paper published on 5 September, the International Monetary Fund calls on the euro area to reform its budgetary rules to reduce the risk of a debt crisis and increase flexibility in response to crises and investment needs. In particular, the IMF proposes the creation of a "fiscal capacity" financed by joint borrowing. It proposes to make budgetary rules more sensitive to the risk of each state's debt... Read more

Eurostat : Rise in inflation
Annual inflation rose to 9.1% in the euro area in August from 8.9% in July, according to a flash estimate published by Eurostat on 31 August. Energy prices rose by 38.3% year-on-year, compared with 39.6% in July... Read more
Decline in Unemployment
The unemployment rate in July was 6% in the European Union and 6.6% in the euro area, Eurostat announced on 1 September. The youth unemployment rate stood at 14% in the EU and 14.2% in the euro area... Read more
Increase in GDP and employment
GDP grew by 0.7% and 0.8% respectively in the EU and the euro area in the second quarter compared with the previous quarter, and by 4.2% and 4.1% compared with the same period in 2021, Eurostat reported on 7 September. In addition, the number of people in employment increased by 2.7% in the euro area and by 2.4% in the EU compared to Q2 2021... Read more

Eurobarometer : Rise in confidence in the European Union
According to the Eurobarometer survey published on 6 September, 47% of Europeans have a positive image of the European Union and 78% support the economic sanctions against Russia. Economic and energy issues are the main sources of concern at both EU and national level. 87% of citizens want the EU to invest more in renewable energy... Read more

Studies/Reports : Results of the Commission's work
On the occasion of the State of the Union speech to be delivered by Commission President Ursula von der Leyen on 14 September, on 9 September the Commission published a review of its action since her 2021 speech. It highlights its efforts to consolidate the post-Covid recovery and the measures taken in response to the war in Ukraine and its consequences... Read more
Scoreboard regarding State Aid
The State Aid Scoreboard, published by the Commission on 8 September, shows that the flexibility measures taken during the Covid-19 crisis supported businesses while maintaining a level playing field. In total, Member States mobilised €384.33 billion... Read more
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Culture : Gérard Garouste Retrospective in Beaubourg
Until 2 January 2023, the Centre Pompidou in Paris is presenting a retrospective of Gérard Garouste, one of France's most uncompromising contemporary painters... Read more
Sean Keating in Dublin
Until 27 November, the National Gallery of Ireland in Dublin is presenting an exhibition by Irish artist Sean Keating. In his painting "An Allegory", the artist turns into a political commentator by highlighting the violence and turbulence that marked the period of the Irish Civil War... Read more
Artists' dialogue in Prague
The Untitled Gallery in Prague is presenting works by Italian artist Nicolo Degiorgis and the British-Swiss collective JocJonJosch until 23 October, which are opening up a discussion on collective art, performance art and the legacy of conceptual art and Land Art. The exhibition is one of the events of the Prague Art Week, ending on 15 September... Read more
Beethovenfest in Bonn
For classical music lovers, the German city of Bonn is hosting the Beethoven Festival until 17 September. The composer's birthplace will be the venue for numerous concerts devoted to his work, as well as that of other composers such as Mendelssohn, Bruckner and Mahler... Read more
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Temudas Festival in Las Palmas
The Temudas Festival is being held in Las Palmas in the Canary Islands until 18 September. Since 1996, theatre and dance troupes from all over the world have been meeting at this summer event to present their latest work... Read more
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Autumn Festival in Warsaw
The 65th Warsaw Festival of Contemporary Music will be held from 16 to 24 September. The festival focuses on symphonic and chamber music... Read more
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European Heritage Days
The 39th European Heritage Days, organised by the Council of Europe and the European Union, start on the second weekend of September. Until the end of the year, exhibitions, artistic performances, guided tours and workshops are being organised around the theme of sustainable heritage in the 50 signatory countries of the European Cultural Convention... Read more
Winner of the 79th Mostra
American director Laura Poitras received the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival on 10 September for her documentary All the Beauty and the Bloodshed, about the opioid crisis in the United States. Frenchwoman Alice Diop received the Silver Lion and the Future Prize for her film Saint-Omer. The Best Actress and Best Actor awards went to Australia's Cate Blanchett and Ireland's Colin Farrell... Read more

12-15 September 2022


Plenary Session of the European Parliament

14 September 2022


Speech on the State of the Union

14-16 September 2022


Informal meeting of Agriculture and Fisheries Ministers

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Records of the Letter
année 2022
The Letter n°992
Nationalism, sovereignism, virilism: the sources of the Russian war against Ukraine
published on 26/09/2022
The Letter n°991
The end of European dependence on Russian hydrocarbons
published on 19/09/2022
The Letter n°990
"In Russia today the whole media sphere has been destroyed"
published on 12/09/2022
The Letter n°989
"It is high time to light up Europe's stars again"
published on 18/07/2022
The Letter n°988
"The energy crisis shows the importance of European solidarity in response to asymmetric shocks".
published on 11/07/2022
The Letter n°987
The Black Sea, the spectre of a new Iron Curtain?
published on 04/07/2022
The Letter n°986
France at the head of the Council: positive results despite the war
published on 27/06/2022
The Letter n°985
Conference on the future of Europe: the complex implementation of great ambitions
published on 20/06/2022
The Letter n°984
Outlook for agriculture in the new European context
published on 13/06/2022
The Letter n°983
"Russia's war in Eastern Europe is a central threat to the international architecture"
published on 07/06/2022
The Letter n°982
Europe in a perfect storm
published on 30/05/2022
The Letter n°981
In support of a new approach to the Western Balkans
published on 23/05/2022
The Letter n°980
"Open Conflict between the West and Russia is not an Option"
published on 16/05/2022
The Letter n°979
Europe Day: 72 years of European Integration
published on 09/05/2022
The Letter n°978
The challenges in Protecting Maritime Areas of Common Interest, from the Atlantic to the Indo-Pacific
published on 02/05/2022
The Letter n°977
Strategic dependencies, a question of sovereignty
published on 25/04/2022
The Letter n°976
Reception of Ukrainian refugees. Between emergency responses and long-term solutions
published on 19/04/2022
The Letter n°975
From the Russia Pact to the Green Deal?
published on 11/04/2022
The Letter n°974
Global food crisis: Europe must choose between retreat and responsibility
published on 04/04/2022
The Letter n°973
European unilateralism as a tool for regulating international trade
published on 28/03/2022
The Letter n°972
Has Europe's Hour Come?
published on 21/03/2022
The Letter n°971
The Eastern Partnership under the test of war in Ukraine
published on 14/03/2022
The Letter n°970
"Russia's invasion of Ukraine is a moment of truth for Europe"
published on 07/03/2022
The Letter n°969
A few truths about Ukraine and Russia
published on 28/02/2022
The Letter n°968
Russia, Ukraine and international law
published on 21/02/2022
The Letter n°967
The European Strategy for a "New Deal" with Africa
published on 14/02/2022
The Letter n°966
"If only ageing Europe had chosen the easy option of more immigration"
published on 07/02/2022
The Letter n°965
"The European strategy in the Indo-Pacific is subtle and perfectly adapted"
published on 31/01/2022
The Letter n°964
European sovereignty, strategic autonomy, Europe as a power: what reality for the European Union, and for which future?
published on 24/01/2022
The Letter n°963
For a new European growth strategy
published on 17/01/2022
The Letter n°962
The Challenges of the French Presidency of the Council
published on 10/01/2022