The ability to travel, a pillar of European integration, has been challenged by the pandemic and is undergoing profound transformation. From urban mobility to travel between Member States, transport policy is now linked to the dual digital and climate transition.
On 14 July, the Commission is due to present measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% in 2030 compared to 1990, the target set by the climate law adopted in April-May by the Parliament and the Council. These measures, known as "fit for 55", should both extend and deepen the current scope of the EU's climate action.
The revised Posted Workers Directive came into force as planned in July 2020, in the midst of a pandemic. The health situation has led to intensive national inspections and a decrease in the number of postings, creating a danger that Member States will justify national market protection measures on the grounds of public health.
Twenty-five years after the launch of a major initiative for peace, stability and prosperity around the Mediterranean basin, the European Union is trying to develop a new strategy in the region. The Commission's Mediterranean programme proposes a series of relevant actions, but they only partially address the situation, without sufficient resources.
A "new geopolitics of norms" is taking shape, with as yet poorly understood contours, of which the extraterritoriality of American law is one expression. The European Union, with its single market and its regulatory power, must find its place in order to assert its sovereignty.