Bulgarians are being called to the ballot box on 14 and 21 November to elect their President of the Republic. Incumbent President Rumen Radev, who is running on a ticket with his vice-president, Iliana Iotova, is the favourite but will have difficulty winning in the first round. November 14 is also the third legislative election of the year, after elections in April and July failed to produce a governing majority. The GERB party of former Prime Minister Boïko Borissov is expected to come out on top. The campaign is marked by the emergence of a new movement, Pursue Change.
As the COP26 opens in Glasgow on 31 October, energy prices, the cost of transition, the role of markets and the different national strategies are central to the debates around the world. As part of the Green Deal, the European Union must find common answers to ensure security of supply, access to energy for all and a successful ecological transition.
Presented a year ago by the Commission, the European Pact on Immigration and Asylum is unlikely to be adopted as it stands due to deep divisions between Member States. Focusing more on asylum than on immigration, it does not seem to be, for the author, an effective tool in the face of future challenges.
The EU-Ukraine summit, which takes place on 12 October in Kiev, 30 years after the country's independence, could be an opportunity to reflect on how to overcome the difficulties, such as the increasing pressure from Russia and the refusal of Europe and the United States to respond to its expectations. For the European Union, this means clarifying its position towards its eastern neighbour.
Beyond the future supply of submarines, the strategic initiative launched by the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom in the Indo-Pacific region remains unclear. The crisis over the breach of a contract with France raises the question of European solidarity, a strategic asset that Member States should prioritise in the future.