As the moral and political basis of the European Union, democracy is also a condition for its capacity to act. The system that organises it is subject to many hybrid threats affecting the integrity of elections and public debate. Gradually, Europeans are organising themselves to respond collectively.
Europe has an excess of savings and its companies lack equity. The creation of European sovereignty funds would help us respond to this challenge by providing medium-sized companies with fresh capital to ensure their development and independence.
The crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic is accentuating the technological, economic and security challenges that the Union faces in its relations with China, Russia and the United States. Its neighbourhood policy, particularly in the Western Balkans, is an important instrument for the promotion of its strategic interests.
An area of trade and conflict since antiquity, the Mediterranean Sea remains a major crossroads for the interaction of the main strategic competitors. The multiplication of actors, and the inevitable duplicity that goes with it, generate the ambiguity of stated or real intentions. But Europe is best placed to understand this uncertain space and take a more active part.
Protests and repression have continued after the rigged presidential election on 9 August. Alexander Lukashenko, not recognised by Europeans, is being tempted by "Sultanistic" rule and is seeking his salvation partly from Russia and China. The European Union, which has decided to impose sanctions against the regime, must act so as not to leave the people alone with their autocrat.