The Newsletter10229 mai 2023

La Lettre

Charles Fries

9 May 2023

In the face of rising geopolitical tensions and increasingly disordered multipolarity, the European Union has understood the imperative need to demonstrate "strategic responsibility" so that it can better defend its security interests.

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Front Page

The declaration of 9 May 1950

6 May 2023

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The declaration of 9 May 1950, the 73rd anniversary of which is being celebrated this year, is considered the founding text of European integration. Delivered by Robert Schuman, the French Foreign Minister, it proposed the creation of a European organisation to pool French and German coal and steel production and gave rise to the first European Community (ECSC). In 1985, 9 May was declared "Europe Day". We offer you the full text of this declaration.

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Celebrating 9 May

9 May 2023

On 9 May, the 73rd anniversary of Robert Schuman's declaration, we can celebrate an exemplary success; above all we must show that we are ready to finalise it, so that Europe remains among the three great powers, writes Jean-Dominique Giuliani.

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Foundation

Publication of the Schuman Report, the State of the Union 2023

6 May 2023

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Founded on 9 May 1950 with the Schuman Declaration, Europe has changed a lot... this is what is shown by the "Schuman Report on Europe, the State of the Union 2023", which analyses the profound changes that have taken place in Europe, accelerated by the shock of the war in Ukraine. This 17th edition (14th in English) published by Marie B. includes 19 contributions from high level personalities, 30 original maps and a complete set of commented statistics. The book is available in French in print and digital format, and in English in digital format. Order your copy here!

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Commission

Ammunition production support plan

6 May 2023

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On 3 May, the Commission presented a plan to support ammunition and missile production in Ukraine and to replenish Member States' stocks. It proposes to set up subsidies and improve monitoring of supply chains to strengthen cooperation with Member States, as well as emergency measures for managing orders. The plan provides for a budget of €500 million from the European Defence Fund to reach a capacity of 1 million rounds of ammunition per year.

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Draft directive on the fight to counter corruption

6 May 2023

On 3 May, the Commission presented a draft directive on the fight against corruption. It proposes to harmonise the definition of criminal offences considered as corruption and to increase the level of sanctions, as well as to raise awareness and to make public service reporting on corruption more widespread and strict. It proposes a sanctions regime to target serious acts of corruption around the world.

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Council

Agreement to extend the protection of geographical indications

6 May 2023

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The Council and the Parliament reached a provisional agreement on 2 May on the regulation on the protection of geographical indications for craft and industrial products. This regulation will extend the protection of geographical indications to goods such as glass, porcelain or knives, whereas this protection was previously restricted to food and drink.

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Informal Meeting of Health Ministers

9 May 2023

EU Health Ministers met in Stockholm on 4-5 May to discuss access to medicines, including the need for affordable prices and the prevention of shortages through stockpiling. At the same time, the World Health Organisation decided on 4 May to end the global pandemic emergency for the management of Covid-19.

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Meeting of Ministers in charge of Development

6 May 2023

The Ministers responsible for development exchanged views on 4 May on the global consequences of the war in Ukraine and the reform of the multilateral development banks. They also discussed the reconstruction of Ukraine, the situation in Sudan, Afghanistan, the humanitarian crisis in the Horn of Africa, the post-Cotonou agreement and the European Investment Bank's non-EU investments.

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Informal Meeting of Employment and Social Affairs Ministers

6 May 2023

The ministers for employment and social affairs discussed labour market transitions and their consequences for the supply of skills in the EU, as well as the impact of ageing populations on social security systems, at an informal meeting on 4-5 May in Stockholm.

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Diplomacy

Agreement between Serbs and Kosovars on missing persons during the war

6 May 2023

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Kosovo Prime Minister Albin Kurti and Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic met on 2 May in Brussels in the presence of the EU's High Representative for Foreign Affairs, Josep Borrell, to discuss the normalisation of relations between the two countries. They pledged to resolve the case of people who disappeared during the war. The meeting failed to find a solution to the tensions that still exist in northern Kosovo.

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Economic aid to Moldova

6 May 2023

On 2 May, the Commission proposed to extend for one year the suspension of customs duties and tariff quotas on imports from Moldova. The Commission disbursed on 3 May a €40 million loan in the framework of the macro-financial assistance operation for the country. This aid is intended to offset the impact of the war on the country's economy.

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Court of Justice

Judgment regarding data protection

6 May 2023

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In a judgment delivered on 4 May, the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled that not every breach of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) gives rise to a right to compensation and that it is up to the courts of each Member State to set the criteria for entitlement to compensation for the damage suffered. This ruling was issued after the Austrian Supreme Court requested the collection of data on the political affiliations of an individual who had not given his consent.

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ECB

Increase in interest rates

6 May 2023

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The European Central Bank (ECB) decided on 4 May to raise its key interest rates by 0.25 percentage points. It warned that key rates will continue to be set at "sufficiently restrictive levels to ensure that inflation returns to the 2% objective as soon as possible over the medium term". ECB President Christine Lagarde justified the decision by saying that "underlying price pressures remain strong", despite falling inflation.

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Ukraine

Visit of Volodymyr Zelensky to The Hague

6 May 2023

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Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky visited the International Criminal Court in The Hague on 4 May. He addressed the Dutch parliament and met with the kings of the Netherlands and Belgium. He gave a speech entitled "No peace without justice for Ukraine" and called for the creation of a special tribunal for Russia's crime of aggression against Ukraine.

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1 billion to provide ammunition

6 May 2023

On 5 May, the Council approved the use of a €1 billion tranche of the EU Peace Facility to supply Ukraine with artillery shells and missiles.

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Visit of the Venice Commission

9 May 2023

The Venice Commission, the Council of Europe's advisory committee on constitutional law, sent a delegation to meet the Ukrainian President in Kyiv on 5 May. Volodymyr Zelensky and Claire Bazy Malaurie, President of the Venice Commission, discussed ongoing and future reforms to help Ukraine comply with European standards in the context of its application for EU membership. In particular, they discussed the reform of the Constitutional Court, the laws on de-oligarchization and on national minorities.

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European Agencies

Operation against the dark web

6 May 2023

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An intervention coordinated by Europol and involving 9 countries resulted on 2 May in the arrest of 288 suspects of drug and arms trafficking on the dark web and the seizure of 850 kilos of drugs and 117 weapons across the European Union, the UK and the US.

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European partnership for the IRIS2 constellation

8 May 2023

On 2 May, European space and telecoms organisations signed a partnership to bid for the IRIS2 (Infrastructure for Resilience, Interconnectivity and Security by Satellite) satellite constellation. The consortium will be led by Airbus Defence and Space, Eutelsat, Hispasat, SES and Thales Alenia Space, but remains open to other actors. The consortium will also include Deutsche Telekom, OHB, Orange, Hisdesat, Telespazio and Thales.

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European Defence Agency Annual Report

8 May 2023

The European Defence Agency published its report for the year 2022 on 8 May. In particular, it explains that it managed 97 cooperation projects and programmes for capability development, training, joint tenders and research and development, for a total amount of €672 million.

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Finalists of the European Inventor Prize

9 May 2023

The European Patent Office announced on 9 May the list of 12 finalists for the European Inventor Award 2023, to be presented on 4 July.

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Finland

Nordic Countries' Summit

6 May 2023

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A Nordic summit on the war in Ukraine was held in Helsinki on 3 May, attended by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. Finnish President Sauli Niinistön, Danish and Icelandic Prime Ministers Mette Frederiksen and Katrin Jakobsdottir, Swedish and Norwegian Prime Ministers Ulf Kristersson and Jonas Gahr Store reaffirmed the need for continued military and economic support to Ukraine. The Finnish President stressed the importance of the Nordic countries speaking with one voice on the issue of the war in Ukraine.

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UK

Coronation of King Charles III

9 May 2023

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King Charles III of England was crowned in London on 6 May. He succeeds his mother Elizabeth II, who died in September 2022. He is the head of state of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of 14 Commonwealth countries.

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Local elections in England

9 May 2023

On 4 May, local elections were held in England to renew 8000 seats in 230 local councils. After the count, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak's Conservatives were down by 960 seats, Labour won 635, the Liberal Democrats 416 and the Green Party gained a net 200 seats. This is the last election before the general elections scheduled for 2024.

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Slovakia

Resignation of the Prime Minister

8 May 2023

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Slovak Prime Minister Eduard Heger resigned on 6 May after the departure of his foreign minister, ending the coalition government he had led since April 2021. President Zuzana Caputová announced on 7 May the appointment of a technocrat government led by the Deputy Governor of the Central Bank, Ludovit Odor, until the next parliamentary elections scheduled for 30 September.

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Council of Europe

Report on the fight against child exploitation in Moldova

6 May 2023

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A Council of Europe report published on 4 May highlights the need for Moldova to devote more resources to identifying and supporting sexually exploited children, especially those from the most vulnerable groups. In particular, the report notes that the war in Ukraine has put the Moldovan child protection system at risk due to the increased risk of trafficking and exploitation of child refugees.

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Annual report of the Secretary General

6 May 2023

In her annual report published on 5 May, the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Marija Pejčinović Burić, called on member states to commit to reversing the decline in democracy at the fourth Summit of Heads of State and Government in Reykjavik on 16-17 May. She highlights the increase in violence, intimidation and surveillance of journalists, the use of laws to limit the actions of civil society, the excessive use of violence in the face of demonstrations, or the increase in hate speech, particularly in politics.

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World Bank

Ajay Banga elected President

8 May 2023

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On 3 May, the American of Indian origin Ajay Banga was elected President of the World Bank. He announced that during his mandate he would give priority to financing the fight against global warming and to reforming the World Bank. He will take office on 2 June for a five-year term.

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Eurostat

Increase in inflation in April

6 May 2023

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According to a Eurostat flash estimate published on 2 May, the inflation rate in the euro area was 7% in April 2023, compared with 6.9% in March. This rise in inflation is notably linked to an increase in energy prices (+2.5% compared to -0.9% in March).

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Decrease in unemployment

8 May 2023

In March 2023, according to figures published on 3 May by Eurostat, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was 6% in the European Union and 6.5% in the euro area, down from the rate recorded in March 2022.

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Culture

Loving Picasso in Madrid

6 May 2023

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The Opera Gallery in Madrid presents the exhibition "Loving Picasso", until 11 June. This exhibition marks the 50th anniversary of the death of the legendary Pablo Picasso and inaugurates the new exhibition space in Madrid.

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Norman Foster at the Pompidou Centre

6 May 2023

Until 7 August, the Centre Pompidou in Paris is devoting a vast exhibition to Norman Foster, a major figure in world architecture and leader of the high-tech (or late modernist) movement. Two thousand square metres are dedicated, in the form of a drawing room, to his workbooks and his numerous models, which provide an insight into a hundred or so architectural and design projects.

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Louise Bourgeois Exhibition in Oslo

6 May 2023

Until 6 August, the exhibition "Louise Bourgeois. Imaginary Conversations" at the National Museum of Norway in Oslo, features encounters between Louise Bourgeois (1911-2010) and other artists including Edvard Munch, Pablo Picasso, and Alberto Giacometti. The French-American artist is known for exploring the artistic and social changes of contemporary life.

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Robert Doisneau in Milan

6 May 2023

Until 15 October, in the cloister of Sant'Eustorgio, the Carlo Maria Martini diocesan museum in Milan is hosting an exhibition dedicated to Robert Doisneau. The exhibition deals with the most emblematic themes of his work, such as war and liberation, love and desire. The Kiss at City Hall and other iconic photographs by the artist are presented.

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"Hidden Life, the Child in Polish Contemporary Art"

9 May 2023

Until 16 July, the exhibition "Hidden Life, the Child in Polish Contemporary Art" at the Centre for Contemporary Art in Warsaw examines the image of children and childhood as perceived by more than 40 artists working since the period of transformation of the political system in Poland in the late 1980s and 1990s.

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Lavinia Fontana: pioneering rule breaker on show in Dublin

6 May 2023

The National Gallery of Ireland in Dublin is devoting an exhibition to Laviana Fontana, a Bolognese painter from the late 16th century, until 27 August. She is often regarded as the first artist to succeed professionally beyond a court or convent. The exhibition explores Fontana's life through a selection of her best-loved works and gives an insight into the cultural climate that allowed her to flourish as a female artist.

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Vija Celmins and Gerhard Richter in Hamburg

6 May 2023

Until 27 August, an exhibition at the Kunsthalle Hamburg features some 70 works by the American artist Vija Celmins and the German painter Gerhard Richter. The dialogue reveals surprising similarities between the two artists, including the special role of the colour grey in their work and a strong interest in themes such as everyday life, war and migration.

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European Museum Night

9 May 2023

The 19th European Museum Night will take place on 13 and 20 May in 1,300 museums in France and more than 3,000 across Europe, in almost 30 European countries.

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Re-opening of the Gaîté Lyrique

9 May 2023

From 12 to 14 May, the Gaîté Lyrique in Paris reopens its doors and turns a new page in its history, which is being written by several authors, through the unprecedented alliance of Arty Farty, makesense, SINGA, ARTE France and Actes Sud. For this opening weekend, a Fabrique de l'époque will be held.

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Agenda

les 8-11 May 2023

Plenary Session of the European Parliament (Strasbourg)


9 May 2023

Europe Day ()


les 12-13 May 2023

Informal Meeting of Foreign Ministers (Stockholm)


14 May 2023

Meeting with the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan (Brussels)


15 May 2023

Eurogroup Education, Youth, Culture and Sport Council meeting (Brussels)


Newsletter Archives

The various causes of the agricultural crisis in Europe

The Defence of Europe by Europeans: a myth, a necessity, an ambition, a hope?

The BRICS, a geopolitical challenge overlooked by the European Union

Ukraine's European Aspirations

The German 'Schuldenbremse' crisis: a symptom to be taken seriously in Europe

The Editors of the Newsletter :
Stefanie Buzmaniuk, Helen Levy ,Basile Desvignes, Romain Maillot, Lina Nathan, Baptiste Comiti, Sixtine Hartog

N°ISSN : 2729-6482

Editor-in-Chief :
Eric Maurice

Director of Publication :
Pascale Joannin

Any questions or suggestions?
Contact Us!

info@robert-schuman.eu

The European Institutions dealing with Crises

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The Newsletter n°1022- version of 9 mai 2023