The Letter n°943

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The Letter n°943
The Letter
Tuesday 6th July 2021
issue 943
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Fit for 55: towards the achievement of an ambitious European political compromise for climate
Author : Clémence Pèlegrin
Clémence Pèlegrin
On 14 July, the Commission is due to present measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% in 2030 compared to 1990, the target set by the climate law adopted in April-May by the Parliament and the Council. These measures, known as "adjustment to target 55", should both extend and deepen the current scope of the EU's climate action.
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Foundation : Research, innovation and education as the main drivers in the recovery
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The Foundation organised a video conference with Mariya Gabriel, European Commissioner for Innovation, Research, Culture, Education and Youth on 28 June. The debate is available in full here... Read more
The Schuman Report on Europe, State of the Union 2021
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The 2021 edition of the "Schuman Report on Europe, the State of the Union", a reference work for European decision-makers, has just been published by Marie B. Articles by leading experts and personalities such as Josep Borrell and Margaritis Schinas offer an overview of European achievements and new forms of solidarity in the context of the pandemic, as well as a broad view of Europe's role in the world. It is available in hard copy in bookshops and on our website, and in digital version in English and French. Order it here... Read more
The Permanent Atlas of the European Union is available
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The new edition of the 'Permanent Atlas of the European Union' has been published by Marie B. This book reflects the latest political and economic changes in the European Union and its Member States. With over 50 maps, texts and thematic sheets, the Atlas summarises the essential history and political and statistical realities of the Union. It is available in paper version in French in bookshops and on our website, and in digital version in French and English. Order it here... Read more
Belarus: chronology of a revolution in progress
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While Belarus has suspended its participation in the Eastern Partnership in response to the latest EU sanctions, the EU says it will continue to support the Belarusian people. It is still calling for an end to repression, the release of political prisoners and the organisation of free elections. To follow the crisis since the rigged presidential election of August 2020, the Foundation offers you a timeline of events and links to European responses and initiatives... Read more
Map of health measures and travel conditions in Europe
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The European certificate, designed to facilitate free movement within the Union, came into force on 1 July. In Sweden, masks are no longer recommended on public transport, stadiums can accommodate up to 5,000 people. Discotheques reopen in France on 9 July. Several Member States took measures to counter the variants: on 1 July, Portugal re-established curfews in 45 cities, including Lisbon, and Lithuania re-established a national state of emergency. Portugal, Spain, Poland and Malta are imposing restrictions on travellers from the UK. Germany has tightened controls for travellers from risk areas. To follow developments in the situation and to understand the conditions of entry into the different EU Member States, the Foundation offers you a comprehensive map of the measures in place. An essential, regularly updated resource, to help you understand the situation... Read more

Commission : NextGenerationEU: first payment and second issuance
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On 28 June, the Commission made its first payments under NextGenerationEU, amounting to €800 million. 41 national and regional programmes in 16 Member States have been funded under "Supporting Recovery for Europe's Cohesion and Territories" (REACT-EU). On 30 June, the Commission issued €15 billion in bonds to finance NextGenerationEU. After a first issue in June, the Commission has now raised €35 billion and plans to raise a total of €80 billion in 2021... Read more
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Launch of European Defence Fund
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On 30 June, the Commission adopted decisions to support the competitiveness and innovation capacity of the EU defence industry. The first annual work programme of the European Defence Fund (EDF) paves the way for the EU to support €1.2 billion in collaborative defence research and development projects. The Commission has selected 26 new projects, with a budget of over €158 million, through the European Defence Industry Development Programme (EDIDP), the precursor to the Defence Fund... Read more
Long term vision of rural areas
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On 30 June, the Commission presented a long-term vision for the EU's rural areas. It proposes a rural pact and an action plan, which will involve actors at European, national, regional and local levels, with the aim of improving the resilience and prosperity of these areas. By the end of the year, the Commission will liaise with the Committee of the Regions to discuss the way forward to achieve these objectives... Read more
Launch of Knowledge Centre on Cancer
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On 30 June, the Commission launched the Cancer Knowledge Centre, an online platform, which aims to gather, disseminate and harmonise knowledge and data so as to coordinate actions across the EU... Read more
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Proposals to revise consumer protection rules
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On 30 June, the Commission proposed to revise the rules on product safety and consumer credit, with an update of the General Product Safety Regulation to address the risks of these new technological products and a revision of the Consumer Credit Directive... Read more
Strategic framework for occupational health and safety
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On 28 June, the Commission presented its strategic framework for health and safety at work for the period 2021-2027, with three objectives: to manage the change brought about by the green, digital and demographic transitions and changes in the traditional working environment, to improve the prevention of accidents and diseases, and to strengthen preparedness for any potential future crisis. The Commission calls on the Member States to update their national strategies to ensure that the new measures reach the workplace... Read more
Decisions for the circulation of personal data to the UK
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On 28 June, the Commission adopted two adequacy decisions vis-à-vis the UK allowing for a better flow of personal data from the EU. One under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the other under the Directive on data protection in the field of law enforcement. The UK's legal regime for the protection of personal data remained the same as in the EU, which allowed the decisions to be adopted. However, safeguards are provided for if changes occur on the UK side... Read more

Council : Start of Slovenian Presidency
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Slovenia began its six-month Presidency of the Council on 1 July by presenting its programme, which has four priorities: facilitating the Union's recovery and greater resilience, reflecting on the future of Europe, strengthening the rule of law and European values, and ensuring security and stability in the European neighbourhood. During the visit of the College of Commissioners, Commission President Ursula von der Leyen stressed the need for progress on climate, digital and migration issues, as well as the need to protect the rule of law... Read more
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Meeting of Agriculture and Fisheries Ministers
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At the Agriculture and Fisheries Council on 28-29 June, Ministers endorsed the provisional agreement on the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), and submitted a request to the Commission for a study on the introduction, evaluation, production, marketing and use of biological control agents. They reiterated the need for a new approach to protect bees and adopted general guidelines on the revision of the fisheries control system in order to modernise them... Read more
A further 11 countries to be exempted from travel restrictions
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On 1 July, the Council added 11 countries to the list of those for which travel restrictions at external borders can be lifted. These new countries include Canada, Qatar, Armenia, Jordan and Saudi Arabia... Read more

Diplomacy : New Programme for the Eastern Partnership
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On 2 July, the Commission and High Representative Josep Borrell presented their proposals for cooperation with the Eastern Partnership countries in the coming years. The programme focuses on long-term recovery, resilience and reform, and would be backed by a €2.3 billion economic and investment plan in the form of grants, blended finance and guarantees and up to €17 billion in public and private investment. It aims to boost trade, growth and employment, invest in connectivity, and strengthen democratic institutions and the rule of law. Belarus suspended its participation in the Eastern Partnership on 28 June... Read more
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Extensions of Union missions in Palestine
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On 28 June, the Council decided to extend the mandates of two of its civilian missions until 30 June 2022 as part of the Union's wider efforts to support Palestinian state-building, in the context of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP): the European Union Border Assistance Mission at the Rafah Crossing Point (EUBAM Rafah) and the European Union Police Mission for the Palestinian Territories (EUPOL COPPS)... Read more

Court of Auditors : Air passengers' rights were not sufficiently protected during the pandemic
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In a report published on 29 June, the Court of Auditors considers that the basic rights of air passengers were not sufficiently protected during the Covid-19 pandemic. It notes that few passengers were informed of their rights and many were not refunded. It calls on the Commission to better protect passengers' rights and to strengthen the coordination of national measures... Read more
The fight to counter capital laundering is overly fragmented
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On 28 June, the Court of Auditors published a special report on the fight against money laundering in the European banking sector. It notes that there is institutional fragmentation and insufficient coordination at EU level when it comes to preventing money laundering and taking action where risks are detected. It believes that the problem stems in particular from the lack of a single supervisory authority at European level... Read more

European Agencies : Provisional agreement on the European Asylum Agency
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Council and Parliament negotiators reached a provisional agreement on 29 June on the transformation of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) into the European Asylum Agency. The agency will provide support for cooperation between Member States and third countries, including a pool of experts ready to assist national structures faced with a high caseload... Read more
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Negotiating mandate for new Europol rules
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On 1 July, the Council adopted its mandate to negotiate with the Parliament on the revision of Europol's rules on cooperation with third countries, the European Public Prosecutor's Office and other parties, as well as on the processing of personal data in support of criminal investigations and on the agency's role in research and innovation... Read more
Appointment of the President of the European Research Council
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German Maria Leptin, Director of the European Molecular Biology Organisation (EMBO), was appointed President of the European Research Council (ERC) on 30 June. She will take up her post on 1 October. The ERC, the body responsible for coordinating research in the EU, is expected to receive more than €16 billion from the Horizon Europe programme, an increase of 22% on the previous scheme... Read more

Germany : Chancellor's visit to the UK
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In her last official visit to Britain before stepping down as Chancellor, Angela Merkel was hosted by Queen Elizabeth II before joining Prime Minister Boris Johnson to discuss the health situation. The Chancellor is pushing for the 27 countries of the European Union to agree to impose a quarantine on travellers from the UK to prevent the spread of the Delta variant on the continent... Read more

Hungary : Declaration by 16 nationalist parties on the future of the Union
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Sixteen European nationalist and far-right parties signed a joint declaration on 2 July calling for a "profound reform" of the Union. In particular, they believe that the competences of the European institutions have expanded to the detriment of the Member States and want to restore "consensus" as "a fundamental means of achieving a common position in the Union"... Read more

Poland : Donald Tusk takes over as leader of the Civic Platform (PO)
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Donald Tusk, President of the EPP and former President of the European Council, who co-founded the Civic Platform (CP), wants to carry the progressive torch high in the face of Poland's ruling Law and Justice Party (PiS) by taking over the leadership of the main opposition party... Read more

UK : Measures for the implementation of the Northern Ireland Protocol
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On 30 June the Commission announced measures on the implementation of the Northern Ireland Protocol. The transitional period for the shipment of chilled meat from Great Britain to Northern Ireland will be extended until 30 September to allow businesses to adapt their supply chains. The Commission also adopted an implementing act to facilitate the movement of livestock and will present a text on the movement of medicines in the autumn. On the same day, the High Court in Belfast ruled that the protocol "conflicts" with the Act of Union, but that it is part of a process of "constitutional evolution" and therefore in accordance with the law... Read more
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Jersey gives go-ahead to extend fishing licences
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Jersey agreed on 28 June to a three-month extension of fishing licences for European vessels in its waters. The fishing restrictions had caused much discontent among fishermen in Brittany and Normandy in recent weeks... Read more
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Council of Europe : Report on the Warsaw Convention
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In a report published on 30 June, the Committee of the Warsaw Convention on Laundering and Financing of Terrorism recommends that Member States reverse the burden of proof to allow confiscation in serious offences. If this measure were adopted, the alleged offender would have to establish the origin of the confiscable proceeds. The Committee justifies the reversal of the burden of proof on the grounds that it would increase efficiency in the fight against money laundering and terrorist financing... Read more
Report of the fight to counter online child abuse
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On 28 June, the Council of Europe published a report which aims to help policy makers develop a comprehensive and balanced approach to the use of automated technologies to detect online child sexual abuse material. Prepared by a group of independent experts, it includes recommendations and calls for the establishment of a "public interest framework", based on the Lanzarote Convention and other Council of Europe conventions, enabling service providers to automatically detect, remove and report relevant content in a way that respects data protection and privacy... Read more

ECHR : France condemned for rejecting anti-nuclear complaint
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The European Court of Human Rights condemned France on 1 July for disproportionate restrictions on the right of access to court, upholding the claims of associations opposed to a planned radioactive storage facility at the Bure site, one of which had been ruled inadmissible by a court. On the other hand, it rejected the associations' complaint for violation of the right of access to information... Read more
Poland condemned for the dismissal of judges
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The European Court of Human Rights condemned Poland on 29 June for violating the right of access to a court after the Minister of Justice dismissed two judges in 2018. The Court found that the compatibility of the law allowing the government to dismiss judges with the requirements of the rule of law" was "doubtful". It stressed that such a procedure should be subject to review by an independent judicial body, which was not the case... Read more
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OECD : Agreement on the reform of world taxation
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130 countries and jurisdictions agreed on 1 July on a global tax reform, with the aim of limiting the opportunities for tax optimisation and evasion by large multinationals. The reform is based on two pillars: a global minimum corporate tax of 15% and a reallocation of the taxing rights of multinationals, including digital companies, by reallocating part of the taxing rights of these companies to their home countries. Three EU Member States did not join the agreement: Estonia, Hungary and Ireland. The reform, which is due to come into force at the beginning of 2023, is due to be finalised in the autumn... Read more

UN : Generation Equality Forum
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From 30 June to 2 July, the Generation Equality Forum was held in Paris, organised by UN Women, France and Mexico. The Forum announced a series of groundbreaking investments, programmes and policies on gender equality. It marks the beginning of a five-year action plan and a compact on women, peace, security and humanitarian action... Read more
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IMF : Report on the Belgian Economy
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On 29 June, the International Monetary Fund published its assessment report on the economic situation in Belgium. It considers that Belgium's rapid response to the Covid-19 pandemic has mitigated its social and economic impact. It expects Belgian growth to reach 5% in 2021 and 3.5% in 2022, but recommends that the government strengthen its adjustment plan to build up reserves against future pressures and new shocks... Read more
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Assessment Report on the Hungarian Economy
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The International Monetary Fund published its conclusions on Hungary's economic response to the Covid-19 crisis on 29 June. It notes that the response of the Hungarian authorities has been particularly strong, but stresses that Hungarian fiscal policy needs to strike a more flexible balance between supporting the economy and preserving medium-term fiscal sustainability. The IMF forecasts GDP growth of 6.2%, unemployment of 4.1% and inflation of 4.1% for 2021... Read more

G20 : Meeting of Foreign Ministers
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The G20 Foreign Ministers, meeting in Matera on 29 June, discussed global governance and the sustainable development of the African continent. They called on the international community to "build inclusive and resilient food chains and ensure adequate nutrition for all" in line with the "Zero Hunger" goal set for 2030, as well as achieving climate neutrality by 2050... Read more
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Culture : Cannes Festival
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The 74th Cannes Film Festival is being held from 6 to 17 July. 24 films are competing and the jury is chaired by American director Spike Lee. Actress and director Jodie Foster is the special guest of the opening ceremony and will receive a special Palme d'Or... Read more
Line of Wit at the Guggenheim
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The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao is presenting "The Line of Wit" until January 16, 2022, an exhibition that explores the experimental nature of contemporary art through works dating from the 1950s to the present. The exhibition brings together artists from several generations, reflecting the diversity of artistic practices... Read more
Avignon Festival
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Avignon is hosting the 75th edition of its theatre festival until 25 July, with no limit on the number of spectators but with health measures in place. More than 100 shows are on offer as part of the off-festival, and the official programme includes a variation on Hamlet by director and festival director Olivier Py... Read more
Fede Galizia in Trente
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The Castello del Buon Consiglio in Trento is presenting the first monographic exhibition dedicated to the Milanese painter Fede Galizia (1578-1630) until 24 October... Read more
Anna Blinska in Warsaw
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Until 10 October, Polish artist Anna Bilinska (1854-1893) is being honoured at the National Museum in Warsaw. The exhibition brings together a large number of paintings and drawings, including unpublished works, from museums and private collections... Read more
Beuys and Lehmbruck in Bonn
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The Bundeskunsthalle in Bonn is hosting an exhibition dedicated to the sculptors and designers Joseph Beuys and Wilhelm Lehmbruck until 1 November. The exhibition addresses their progressive vision of social and political reorganisation expressed in their art... Read more
Francofolies de La Rochelle
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The Francofolies de La Rochelle music festival is taking place from 10 to 14 July. Many French artists and musicians will perform on the festival's 9 stages, including Jane Birkin, Alain Souchon, Jeanne Cherhal, Jean-Louis Aubert, les Rita Mitsouko and Grand Corps Malade... Read more
Dante at the National Library of Spain
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The National Library of Spain is presenting an exhibition dedicated to Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy until 2 October, on the occasion of the 700th anniversary of the poet's death. By means of 10 manuscripts, the exhibition evokes the three parts of this reference text in the thought of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: Hell, Purgatory and Paradise... Read more

Napoleon's Bicentenary : Exhibition and Festivities on the Isle of Elbe
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Elba, the Emperor's first place of exile, is organising a series of events in Portoferraio. Until 10 October, an exhibition at the Pinacoteca Foresiana is being held in conjunction with the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. A photographic itinerary traces Napoleon's life on the island. Film screenings and meetings with historians are also being organised in July and August... Read more
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Napoleon, Flight of the Eagle
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From 7 July to 26 August, the Hôtel des Invalides is organising the 9th edition of the Nuit aux Invalides, which this year celebrates the 200th anniversary of Napoleon's death with its new show entitled "Napoleon - The Flight of the Eagle". This performance offers visitors the opportunity to explore the Emperor's life and his civil and military legacy. After the show, the evening can be extended with a night walk in the Dome church... Read more
Napoleon Superstar
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From 9 July to 5 September, a thematic tour created in partnership with Paris Match in the centre of Ajaccio presents photos of film shoots dedicated to Napoleon, notably with the actors who played the emperor... Read more

5Jul
5-8 July 2021

Strasbourg

Plenary Session of the European Parliament

8Jul
8-9 July 2021

Kranj

Informal Meeting of Employment and Social Policy Ministers

9Jul
9-10 July 2021

Venice

Meeting of G20 Finance Ministers

11Jul
11 July 2021

Bulgaria

General Elections

12Jul
12 July 2021

Brussels

Foreign Affairs Council

Brussels

Eurogroup Meeting

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Records of the Letter
année 2021
The Letter n°948
The Common Agricultural Policy 2023-2027: change and continuity
published on 20/09/2021
The Letter n°947
In support of European Apprenticeships
published on 13/09/2021
The Letter n°946
Who will succeed Angela Merkel? And with which coalition?
published on 06/09/2021
The Letter n°945
Covid-19 crisis and European mobility: What lessons? What future?
published on 19/07/2021
The Letter n°944
"Engaging in politics is a source of risk for the Commission. But it has become inevitable."
published on 12/07/2021
The Letter n°943
Fit for 55: towards the achievement of an ambitious European political compromise for climate
published on 05/07/2021
The Letter n°942
Participating in Sovereignty through the Law
published on 28/06/2021
The Letter n°941
From the Barcelona Process to the Mediterranean Programme, a fragile Partnership with the European Union
published on 21/06/2021
The Letter n°940
600th paper: Governance of the European Union: changing approaches without changing the treaties
published on 14/06/2021
The Letter n°939
The Franco-Italian relationship on the eve of the Quirinal Treaty: between asymmetry and proximit
published on 07/06/2021
The Letter n°938
Sanctions, a privileged instrument of European Foreign Policy
published on 31/05/2021
The Letter n°937
The European Central Bank's Strategic Monetary Policy Review: the key to a return to sustainable growth in Europe
published on 25/05/2021
The Letter n°936
Europe: good rules to recover growth
published on 17/05/2021
The Letter n°935
The Declaration of 9 May 1950
published on 10/05/2021
The Letter n°934
How to avoid the repetition of history: the case of North Korea
published on 03/05/2021
The Letter n°933
Germany turns the page post-Merkel
published on 26/04/2021
The Letter n°932
The Governance of the European Defence Fund
published on 19/04/2021
The Letter n°931
The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on posted workers: the new posting framework
published on 12/04/2021
The Letter n°930
Protecting the checks and balances to save the rule of law
published on 06/04/2021
The Letter n°929
The Eastern Partnership, between resilience and interference
published on 29/03/2021
The Letter n°928
Reforming European Economic Policies
published on 22/03/2021
The Letter n°927
The Greens will do everything they can to make the Conference on the future of Europe a success!
published on 15/03/2021
The Letter n°926
Women's Europe
published on 08/03/2021
The Letter n°925
Public Development aid must refocus on agriculture and education in Africa
published on 01/03/2021
The Letter n°924
The Union's external borders: a European debate revisited
published on 22/02/2021
The Letter n°923
Europe-Africa Relations in the light of the Covid-19 pandemic
published on 15/02/2021
The Letter n°922
Brexit and the Irish Question
published on 08/02/2021
The Letter n°921
Europe as a power, European sovereignty, strategic autonomy: a debate that is moving towards an assertive Europe
published on 01/02/2021
The Letter n°920
"Europe is increasingly innovative"
published on 25/01/2021
The Letter n°919
European Trade Policy in the time of Covid-19: adaptation or change of paradigm?
published on 18/01/2021
The Letter n°918
The Biden Transition
published on 11/01/2021